In this research, monensin or probiotics supplementation had no effect on rumen pH but decreased the concentration of ammoniacal nitrogen and increased the content of microbial proteins. This culture was then used to inoculate triplicate flasks corresponding to each time point of the time course study.
Summary of the Invention In accordance with the purposes of the present invention as described herein, in one aspect of the present invention a method is provided for improving the nutritional quality of a fibrous by-product or residue of a food manufacturing process, comprising inoculating the fibrous by-product or residue with at least, one filamentous fungus, and fermenting the fibrous by-product or residue whereby a dry matter content of the by-product or residue decreases, a protein content of the by-product or residue increases, and a fat content of the by-product or residue decreases.
Highest improvements in intake, digestibility and nitrogen content are obtained when the moisture content of the straw is raised to Journal of Animal Science Carbohvdrate supplements There is some controversy about the merits of supplementing straw based diets with carbohydrate sources which ferment rapidly such as molasses or grain.
Google Scholar Van Houtert, M. In 'Fats in animal nutrition? However, brief attention will also be given to treatment with steam and sodium hydroxide. Each bull al. Different species of wl1it. Many fibrous by-products have a substantial potential value as animal feedstuffs.
The major physicochemical properties that have been considered in animal nutrition are cation exchange capacity, hydration properties, viscosity and organic compound adsorptive properties.
Example 3 The protease produced in Example 2 was directly compared with an existing commercial protease preparation in a chick growth assay. This may be correct and may apply to the industrialized livestock production, but may not be applicable to countries where a major part of the livestock production relies on smallholder farmers.
The results found in the present experiment are strongly in agreement with the findings of Akusu et al who found higher weight gain in ewe and ram lambs with increasing offewr levels of supplementation with Glircidia sepium legume foliage; and with those of Ahn who observed significant increases in intake of barley straw when dried gliricidia and Calliandra calothyrsus Calliandra foliage were offered as supplements.
References 1. The supernatant was discarded and the remaining pellet was resuspended in ml of nuclease-free water.
The nett result is a decreased heat production and a higher efficiency of feed utilisation. Briefly, 2 x 3 mm squares of growth from a single slant were used to inoculate ml of the liquid medium contained in a ml flask.
The pool size of ammonia nitrogen in the rumen is small and large variations in ammonia concentration can result from small changes in N-nutrition even on diets with moderate to high N content.Agro-industrial by-products, cowpea residues and urea-treatment of hay for supplementary dry season feeding of mature zebu oxen in Mali.
P W Bartholomew**, R Ly*, M Doumbia*, T Khibe*, N'g Kone*, B Traore* and S Ba* USDA/Agricultural Research Service, Langston University. MOLASSES-UREA BLOCKS AS A MULTINUTRIENT SUPPLEMENT FOR RUMINANTS by R. Sansoucy, G.
Aarts and R.A. Leng. 1. INTRODUCTION - THE NEED FOR SUPPLEMENTATION. Ruminant diets in most developing countries are based on fibrous feeds: mainly mature pastures (particularly at the end of the dry season) and crop residues (e.g.
wheat and rice straw, maize and. 12/11/ · However, the use of antibiotics as a livestock feed additive is banned gradually due to the risk of accumulation of residues in animal products and the emergence of Author: Peng Jia, Kai Cui, Tao Ma, Fan Wan, Wenyi Wang, Dong Yang, Yunfei Wang, Baolin Guo, Lifang Zhao, Qiy.
NUTRITIONAL ROLE OF CONCENTRATE FEEDS AND PERSPECTIVES FOR THEIR SUBSTITUTION BASED ON RECENT ADVANCES IN NUTRITIONAL SCIENCE by R.A. Leng.
The major feed resources for ruminants in developing countries are the fibrous residues from cereal crops and pasture or cut grasses (both usually low in N and low in digestibility) from waste lands.  Lulseged, Gebrehiwot and Jamal Mohammed, The potential of crop residues, particularly wheat straw, as livestock feed in Ethiopia.
Pp. In: A. N. Said and B. H. Dzowela (eds.). Proceedings of a Workshop on Overcoming Constraints to the Efficient Utilization of Agricultural By-products as Animal feed.
A method is provided for improving the nutritional quality of a fibrous by-product or residue of a food manufacturing process, wherein the fibrous by-product or residue is inoculated with at least one filamentous fungus, and the fibrous by-product or residue is fermented thereby to decrease dry matter content, increase protein content, and decrease fat content of the by-product or elbfrollein.com by: